Who Can Donate Kidney?
Referring to an organ transplantation unit to donate a kidney, any person is a potential kidney donor in deed. Candidates will have an array of very detailed examinations and check-up in order to verify whether the donor is eligible or not. On the contrary to the general belief, older age is not a contraindication to donate organ.
The important thing is whether the donor has physical condition to overcome transplantation surgery, and since the donor will have solitary kidney, one native kidney should be well functioning to maintain a trouble-free life. With regards to the contraindications of organ donation, people with serious infectious disease, kidney stone, severe protein excretion via urine, or in other words, people with kidney disease or a cancerous condition cannot donate kidney.
Cadaveric donor implies a person, for whom final diagnosis of brain death is verified and organs are donated by the family. It is essential to understand concept of brain dead in order to comprehend the concept “cadaveric donor”. Brain death is complete and irreversible loss of brain function. To make diagnosis of brain death, a group of specialized physicians make some examinations and assessments, and then, the brain death is confirmed.
After brain death is diagnosed, family interview is made, and we consider cadaveric donor, if family donates organ(s) of the person. According to current legislation, organs of any person, above 18 years of age, can be transplanted, if donation is verified by the donor or the family, in case of cadaveric donor. However, the situation is different in practice. We, organ transplantation coordinators, are trying to obtain consent of families or other first degree relatives, even if organ donation card is found for the deceased. After this consent is obtained, we are able to use people with brain death as cadaveric donors.